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The 8th did not prevent life-support being switched off in tragic case

The 8th amendment, which protected the right to life of both mother and child, has sadly been removed from our Constitution, but the media misreporting continues. 

This week, the HSE apologised to the family of a pregnant woman who had been kept on life support in December 2014 against her family’s wishes even though there was no possibility of the baby surviving.

It was a particularly tragic case, and one that abortion campaigners used it to attack the 8th Amendment despite the fact that the High Court ruled in 2014 that the 8th did not prevent life support being switched off, and that this was not a case about abortion.

In fact, one of the most puzzling aspects of the case was why it ended up in the court at all. No one, neither the doctors not the family seemed to  be asking that the woman, who we now know to be Natasha Perie, be kept on life-support. There was no legal barrier to the doctors at the time simply carrying out the family’s request.

In fact, Michael McDowell responded to the furore at time by confirming that when he was previously in the position of Attorney General, a similar case had arisen. He was asked for advice on how to proceed and the said that there was no legal impediment to life-support being switched off in a case – presumably also one where the baby could not survive.

In fact, even this week, when approving the settlement rightly due to Ms Perie’s daughter, Judge Kevin Cross acknowledged that the medics who kept her alive did so because of an ‘erroneous view that there was some obligation to do so as a result of the Eighth amendment’. An erroneous view is the responsibility of those holding that view, and not a consequence of the legal article under discussion.

That didn’t stop the media this week from falsely reporting the case as a tragedy which had arisen because of the 8th Amendment. But that’s not true.

As the court and the High Court acknowledged, Ms Perie had tragically lost her life because a cyst on her brain – which had gone undetected – burst, and she had been kept on a ventilator because she was pregnant. This happens in every jurisdiction, in the absence of anything like the 8th amendment, but when its clear the baby can’t survive the life-support is removed.

That’s what should have happened in this case, and, as the court ruled, nothing in the law on abortion prevented that.

The case should not have been used by campaigners  for political purposes. May Ms Perie rest in peace and her family find closure and justice in the courts.

As I wrote at the time, the loss of both lives was a double tragedy


The loss of two lives is recognised by most people as a double tragedy. (From 2014)

On St Stephen’s day the Irish High Court ruled that life-support could be withdrawn from a pregnant woman who had suffered a significant brain trauma and who been pronounced clinically dead three weeks earlier.

The case had appeared before the court because doctors were concerned as to how the law should direct them in regard to the life of the unborn baby, who was at approximately 15 weeks gestation when the woman had died. Her family had requested that the life support be withdrawn, because, they told the Court, they believed the chances of the unborn child surviving were minimal.

As the President of the High Court, Justice Nicholas Kearns, noted, this was not a case about abortion, a view that was shared by legal counsel for the family in the court. Instead the case centred around the medical evidence and the facts of this deeply distressing tragedy.
The seven medical experts who gave evidence in the High Court all agreed that there was no real prospect of the baby surviving. It was, one doctor said, as if the baby was facing into a ‘perfect storm’ from which he or she had no prospect of emerging alive.

Another doctor gave evidence that the mother’s body was being subject to ‘very unusual fungal infections’ and that her brain was rotting. The woman’s temperature was therefore sharply raised and, as one consultant obstetrician testified, babies were not designed to develop in anything other than the normal temperature. The woman was being been maintained on very heavy doses of medication for a number of conditions including pneumonia, fungal infections, high blood pressure, and fluid build up.

Dr Brian Marsh, a consultant in intensive care medicine, said it would not be possible to sustain the situation concerning the woman and that the unborn child could not survive.

These cases are, thankfully, terribly rare, and, in every country where they arise, doctors can feel at a loss in regard to best practise and established treatment. The High Court was told that doctors were in ‘uncharted territory with the case’. While previous cases in other countries did on occasion result in the continuation of the pregnancy with positive outcomes, the facts did not seem to point to the likelihood of such an outcome in this heart-rending case before the Irish court.

The High Court ruled that life support could be switched off in what they described as a ‘tragic and unfortunate case’. The three judges, Mr Justice Nicholas Kearns, Ms Justice Marie Baker, and Ms Justice Caroline Costello, found that:

Both mother and baby had rights to be considered: the child had a right to life and the mother had the right to retain her death in dignity.

However they noted that,

“when the mother is bearing an unborn child at the time of her death, the rights of that child, who is living … must prevail over the feelings of grief and respect for a mother who is no longer living.”

The question then became how far the Court should go to vindicate that right. The Court then considered whether there was a “realistic prospect” of the baby being born alive and found that the evidence showed there was no such prospect in this case.

The Court emphasised that their view was not influenced to any degree by any consideration “that if the unborn child were to be born alive, it might nonetheless be impaired to a greater or lesser degree”.

As noted, similar cases have arisen in other jurisdictions, and these cases arose because most people recognise that there are two people in every pregnancy, and sometimes rare but very distressing cases cause real ethical dilemmas. In fact, just last month a little boy was born in Milan to a clinically dead mother, when doctors kept the woman on life support for nine weeks to ensure the baby’s safe delivery.

It worth pointing out that these cases have arisen in countries where no constitutional protection was afforded to the unborn child. Yet in the weeks before Christmas, Irish abortion campaigners immediately jumped to try to exploit this family tragedy for their own agenda.

We saw the by-now-familiar vitriol and anger from those lashing out against any idea of affording the unborn baby any protection, and the usual strident and hysterical calls for the repeal of the Eighth Amendment which protects both mother and baby.

Most decent people felt only sadness and compassion for this family. Most people of goodwill felt that it was worthwhile to consider both lives and to see if there was any possibility in saving the baby. Certainly they were the reactions which found most support on social media and elsewhere.

Again, this wasn’t a case about abortion – it was not, as the Court observed, about deliberately ending the life of a child. Several commentators have queried as to why the case ended up in court in the first instance. The judges noted that the mother gave every indication of being pleased and excited with her pregnancy and had posted a scan of her unborn baby to her Facebook page. “From such evidence as was available, the Court believes that she would have fought long and hard to bring her unborn child to term,” they wrote.

Sadly, that wasn’t possible, and the loss of the life of both mother and baby is recognised by most people as a double tragedy. The callous disregard of abortion campaigners for the child, and their eagerness to use this tragedy to call for legalised abortion, says more about them and their bizarre ideology than about the 8th Amendment they are so eager to dismantle.

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