The September Massacres were a number of killings in Paris and other cities that occurred from 2–6 September 1792 during the French Revolution. Catholic Bishops, priests, prisoners and peasants were singled out.

More than 1,000 prisoners were killed within 20 hours. By 6 September, half the prison population of Paris had been summarily executed: some 1,250 to 1,400 prisoners. However, the great majority (72%) of those killed were non-political prisoners – galley convicts, forgers of assignats, common criminals, women, and children. The massacres were repeated in several other French cities; 65-75 incidents were reported.

Picture depicts the Salpêtrière hospital where 35 women were killed.