The level of poverty in Ireland was evidenced by further comments from O’Connell:

“The last Population Returns of 1841 showed that, out of the whole rural population of Ireland, 46 per cent lived in a single room; the entire human family and the pigs occupied the same apartment together. The next fact was, that of the civil population — that is, of the inhabitants of towns — 36 per cent lived in a single room, and that two or three families sometimes occupied the same room.”

#gript

“Destitution in Ireland. Failure of the potato crop”, illustration was published in The Pictorial Times on 22 August 1846. Image courtesy of the National Library of Ireland